The need for security protection measures in the Office IT environment is obvious since years. Firewall, virus scanner, encryption of data: Office IT is no longer thinkable without these aspects. On the other hand, security for embedded systems is relatively new. These systems are already vulnerable to possible malicious attacks. For a long time there […]
If you analyses the book market, publications or conferences on requirements management and engineering (RE), you will find that more than 90% consider requirements engineering from the point of view of IT software systems. There are very few publications that look at the topic from the perspective of embedded systems. On the one hand, it […]
In most of the requirement engineering publications, the focus is on management aspects. The collection and management of requirements is discussed extensively. In the following blog I discuss important aspects which are not sufficiently considered in the RE theory. I start with the definition of Requirement Engineering in the book “Requirements Engineering Fundamentals” (Klaus Pohl, […]
The compiler is the central “tool”, which is required for every software development. It forms the link between the human-readable high-level source code (e.g., C and C ++) and the machine code, interpretable for the hardware processor. For the development of safety critical software according to relevant functional safety standards such as ISO26262 (car), EN50128 […]
In the last blog (June 2017), I explained the principle of Freedom of Interference. The example used was based on the automotive industry and the ISO26262. Now I would like to consider Freedom of Interference with respect to the industry sectors railway, aviation and automotive and share my industry experiences with you.
There are four essential measures in the development of safety-critical systems. Design of safe systems Measures to minimize random hardware errors Measures to minimize systematic hardware and software errors Organizational measures (management of functional safety) Particularly in the design of safe systems, the principle of Freedom of interference is a powerful measure. What’s this? The […]
The proof of a 100% structural source code coverage is required by almost all functional safety standards (IEC61508, ISO26262, DO 178C, etc.). In the individual SIL / ASIL levels, only the type of source code coverage is differentiated. Essentially, the Statement Coverage (low SIL / ASIL Level), the Branch Coverage and the MC / DC […]
IEC 61508, ISO26262, DO 178C, ISO 25119: Have you ever encountered these abbreviations in your professional life? If so, there is a high probability that you are already implementing functional safety projects in your company or that you are entering the market in the near future. Perhaps you have already made the experience, or at […]
In the first part of the blog I defined the term “Implicit Testing” and discussed root causes for the need of implicit tests. In the second part I will focus on the disadvantages of such tests and on possible solution approaches with the goal to avoid these disadvantages.
In larger safety-critical projects, quite often I hear the following statement: “Well, the Requirement A is indirectly or implicitly proven with the test XY!” Do you know this sentence as well? Have you ever experienced what can happen in late project phases when you have tested many requirements indirectly? The blog defines the term in […]